The Bolshoi Theatre
is one of the oldest theaters in Moscow, it has the world famous operas and ballets
The history of the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre started from March of 1776, when Prince Petr Urusiv received the highest assent of Empress Catherine II "... Contain any kind of theatrical presentation, as well as concerts, and masquerades”. The Bolshoi was founded more than 40 years after the Imperial Ballet in St. Petersburg. Prince began the construction of the theater, which was location on the Petrovka Street on the right bank of Neglinka River. Theatre was named Petrovsky. But theater Urusova burned down even before its opening, and the Prince passed the constraction to his business partner, the British entrepreneur Michael Maddox.
Maddox built the Petrovsky Theater
. Maddox’s Petrovsky Theater stood for 25 years, but on October 8, 1805 building burned down.
The new building was constructed by Carlo Rossi on Arbat Square. However, it was built from a wood and it burned down in 1812, during the invasion of Napoleon.
In 1821 the new construction began on the Bolshoi Theater
at the original location. Bolshoi Theatre
construction was a real event in Moscow at the beginning of the XIX century. Beautiful building in classical style, decorated inside in red and gold tones, according to contemporaries, was the best theatre in Europe and scale only second after Milan "La Scala". The current building was designed by Osip Bove (who oversaw the repairs of Moscow after the great, Napoleonic fire of 1812) and Andrei Mikhailov, was completed in 1824.
Since then, the theatre has its unusual name of the Bolshoi
. The audience first saw the opera "Boris Godunov" by Mussorgsky, "Eugene Onegin" by Tchaikovsky from its stage. The premier of the beautiful Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" took a place here. In the late 19th - early 20th centuries Bolshoi achieved its peak of the fame. Fyodor Shalyapin amazed audience by his powerful opera voice. Sergei Rakhmaninov wrote his music for the Bolshoi and later he became its conductor.
The Revolution brought a lot of changes. The status of the Imperial Theater was immediately withdrawn and Bolshoi Theater
was left without financial support.
1922 was decisive for the Bolshoi. Lunocharsky (he was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Soviet People's Commissar of Enlightenment responsible for culture and education) stood up for the theater and Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
was saved. Repertoire has changed of course according to the spirit of the time, but the classical works of operas and ballets by Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Glinka continued to be placed. In the 20th years of unsophisticated audience saw performances of foreign talent: Puccini, Strauss and Mozart. But the 30s crushed theater by product of socialist realism.
1941 - Beginning of the War with Germany and evacuation of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater. A bomb fell in theatre’s building; and the troupe was evacuated to the Kuibyshev. Despite of War was still going on in 1943; a troupe returned to Moscow and resumed work. September 26 was a joyous event - the first day of the performance after a long break.
The second half of the 20th century is a landmark in the life of the Bolshoi Theatre. Because of the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre the whole world learned about the Russian ballet. Well-known ballet dancers Maya Plesetskaya, Maris Liepa, Galina Ulanova preformed on its stage. "Carmen" and "Spartacus" have got the greatest feedback in the hearts of the audience. Bolshoi Theater began touring. It had a huge success in Italy, USA, United Kingdom and many other countries.
In present days the Bolshoi Theater offers well-known works of meters of Russian classics: Beethoven, Puccini, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, and new composers who bring a lot of different brightness and expression. The young ballets authors (Neumeier, Balanchine, Wheeldon) are placed at the Bolshoi Theater stage. Desyatnikov’s operas are very popular now.
Of course, it is no secret that buy tickets to the Bolshoi Theater have always been problematic. I recommend you to take care of it in advice, before your trip. You can do it via Bolshoi Theatre official website or through a travel agency.
Bolshoi Theater gave us a lot of nuggets, which were cut and turned into sparkling diamonds via hard work on the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre stage. The playbills of Bolshoi Theater have always been diverse, and everyone can choose a play to own liking. I’m sure you will too.
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